☰ Menu

Child car seats: the law

Child car seats: the law

The law requires all children travelling in the front or rear seat of any car, van or goods vehicle must use the correct child car seat. Here are some rules covering using a child car seat or booster seat and also when the child can travel without a car seat.

 

Children must normally use a child car seat until they’re 12 years old or 135cm tall, whichever comes first. Only EU-approved child car seats can be used in the UK. These have a label showing a capital ‘E’ in a circle. You can choose a child car seat based on your child’s height or weight.

Height-based car seats are known as ‘i-Size’ seats. They must be rear-facing until your child is over 15 months old. Your child can use a forward-facing car seat when they’re over 15 months old. You must check the seat to make sure it’s suitable for the height of your child.

Weight-based car seats must be rear-facing until your child weighs more than 9kg. Which seat they use after then will depend on their weight.

Child’s weight:  9kg to 18kg - Rear or forward-facing baby seat; 15kg to 25kg - rear or forward-facing child seat (booster seat); Over 22kg - Booster cushion.

When fitting a child car seat you must only use a child car seat if your car’s seat belt has a diagonal strap - unless the car seat is specifically designed for use with a lap seat belt. You also must deactivate any front airbags before fitting a rear-facing baby seat in a front seat. You mustn’t fit a child car seat in side-facing seats.

The same rules apply for children with disabilities unless a doctor says they’re exempt on medical grounds. They can also use a disabled person’s seat belt or child restraint designed for their needs. Minibus drivers and companies don’t have to provide child car seats. You must provide your own if you want to make sure a child has one.

Children aged 3 and older must use a child car seat if there’s one available in a minibus or use an adult seat belt if child seats are not fitted or are unsuitable.

All children must travel in rear seats (any seats behind the driver) if a child car seat or an adult seat belt isn’t fitted. A child can travel without a child car seat in some circumstances:

In a licensed taxi or minicab. Children under 3 years of age can travel without a child’s car seat or seat belt, but only on the back seat. Children aged 3 years or older can travel without a child’s car seat if they wear an adult seat belt.

On coaches, children can travel without a car seat or seat belt, if they’re not available.

On minibuses, children aged 3 years or older can travel without a child’s car seat. They must wear a seat belt, if fitted. Children under 3 don’t need to use a car seat or seat belt, but they must sit in one of the rear seats (not next to the driver in the front).

During unexpected journeys, if the correct child seat isn’t available, a child over 3 years of age can use an adult seat belt if the journey is unexpected, necessary, over a short distance (it needs to be all three circumstances). You can’t take children under 3 in a vehicle without a seat belt or the correct child car seat (except a taxi or minicab). If there’s no room for a third child seat in the back of the vehicle, the child must travel in the front seat with the correct child seat. Children over 3 years can sit in the back using an adult belt.

Children under 3 must be in a child car seat. If there’s no seat belt, they can’t travel. A child over 3 can travel in a back seat without a car seat and without a seat belt if the vehicle doesn’t have one.

You can read the full article by clicking here.

Currency exchange rates

Reference: British Pound (GBP)
Symbol Currency Rate
EUR Euro 1.14
USD American dollar 1.33
BGN Bulgarian Lev 2.23
CZK Czech Koruna 29.43
DKK Danish Krone 8.51
HUF Hungarian Forint 365.43
PLN Polish Zloty 4.92
RON Romanian New Leu 5.29
SEK Swedish Krona 11.64
CHF Swiss Franc 1.32
NOK Norwegian Krone 10.84
HRK Croatian Kune 8.44
RUB Russian Ruble 82.81
Source: European Central Bank, 22.06.2018

Diversity Voice TV